Torture prevention requires a three-stages approach that is best summarised in a “House of prevention”:
First, an effective legal framework must be in place that both prohibits and prevents torture and ill-treatment, as well as legal safeguards.
Secondly, these laws and regulations need to be applied in practice. Implementation is achieved through
- Training (of the police and other actors),
- Development of procedural safeguards (video-recording of interrogations; registers in prisons), as well as
- Sanctions in case of non-respect of the law.
The protective roof
Finally, control mechanisms should be in place in order to check both whether the legal framework exists and whether it is implemented.
- Regular visits to places of detention by independent bodies, in particular National Preventive Mechanisms (NPMs), constitute one of these control mechanisms.
Also serving as control mechanisms, forming part of this "protective roof", are:
- The media, as well as
- Recommendations by international human rights bodies, such as the Subcommittee on Torture Prevention (SPT).
The House of Prevention (APT)