List of Designated NPM by regions & countries

There are currently 84 States Parties to the OPCAT, of which 65 States have designated their NPM

Africa

Country Ratification Date NPM Options NPM Type
Burkina Faso July 7, 2010

National Observer for the Prevention of Torture

New Specialised Institution

Mali May 12, 2005

National Human Rights Commission (Commission Nationale des Droits de l’Homme)

National Human Rights Commission

Mauritius June 21, 2005

National Human Rights Commission

National Human Rights Commission

Mozambique July 1, 2014

National Human Rights Commission (Comissão dos Direitos Humanos)

National Human Rights Commission

Nigeria July 27, 2009

National Committee on Torture

New Specialised Institution

Senegal October 18, 2006

National Observer of Places of Deprivation of Liberty

New Specialised Institution

Togo July 20, 2010

National Human Rights Commission (Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme)

National Human Rights Commission

Americas

Country Ratification Date NPM Options NPM Type
Argentina November 15, 2004

National System to Prevent Torture, comprising:

  • National Committee for the Prevention of Torture (composed of 13 members, including the Ombudsperson for Federal Prisons (Procurador Penitenciario de la Nación);
  • a Federal Council of Local Preventive Mechanisms;
  • Local preventive mechanisms (to be designated) in each of the 24 provinces;
  • and public institutions and NGOs interested in the compliance of the OPCAT’s goals.

National Preventive System in Federal State

Bolivia May 23, 2006

Service for the Prevention of Torture

New Specialised Institution

Brazil January 12, 2007

National System to Prevent and Combat Torture

National Preventive System in Federal State

Chile December 12, 2008

National Human Rights Institute (Instituto Nacional de Derechos Humanos)

National Human Rights Commission

Costa Rica December 1, 2005

Decentralised unit within Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría de los Habitantes)

Ombuds Institution

Ecuador July 20, 2010

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Ombuds Institution

Guatemala June 9, 2008

National Office to Prevent Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment

New Specialised Institution

Honduras May 23, 2006

National Committee for the Prevention Against Torture (CONAPREV)

New Specialised Institution

Mexico April 11, 2005

National Human Rights Commission (Tercera Visitaduría)

Ombuds Institution

Nicaragua February 25, 2009

Ombudsperson's Office (Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos)

Ombuds Institution

Panama June 2, 2011

Ombuds Institution

Ombuds Institution

Paraguay December 2, 2005

National Preventive Mechanism against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

New Specialised Institution

Peru September 14, 2006

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Ombuds Institution

Uruguay December 8, 2005

National Human Rights Institution and Ombuds Institution (Institución Nacional de Derechos Humanos y Defensoría del Pueblo)

 

National Human Rights Commission

Asia Pacific

Country Ratification Date NPM Options NPM Type
Cambodia March 30, 2007

Inter-governmental committee

Other: Inter-governmental Body

Maldives February 15, 2006

National Human Rights Commission

National Human Rights Commission

New Zealand March 14, 2007

5 different bodies coordinated by the Human Rights Commission (central NPM), and including the Office of the Ombudsman, the Independent Police Conduct Authority, the Office of the Children’s Commissioner and the Inspector of Service Penal Establishments of the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces.

Multiple Institutions

Europe & Central Asia

Country Ratification Date NPM Options NPM Type
Albania October 1, 2003

People's Advocate (Avokati i Popullit)

Ombuds Institution

Armenia September 14, 2006

Human Rights Defender

Ombuds Institution

Austria December 4, 2012

Austrian Ombudsman Board (Volksanwaltschaft)

Ombuds Institution

Azerbaijan January 28, 2009

Commissioner for Human Rights

Ombuds Institution

Bulgaria June 1, 2011

Ombudsman of the Republic of Bulgaria

Ombuds Institution

Croatia April 25, 2005

Ombudswoman, in cooperation with representatives of the academic community and human rights NGOs

Ombuds Institution

Cyprus April 29, 2009

Commissioner for Administration and Human Rights

Ombuds Institution

Czech Republic July 10, 2006

Public Defender of Rights

Ombuds Institution

Denmark June 25, 2004

Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman, in collaboration with DIGNITY (NGO) and the Danish Institute for Human Rights (National Human Rights Institution)

Ombuds Plus Institution

Estonia December 18, 2006

Chancellor of Justice

Ombuds Institution

Finland October 8, 2014

Parliamentary Ombudsperson's Office

Ombuds Institution

France November 11, 2008

General Controller of Places of Deprivation of Liberty (Contrôleur général des lieux de privation de liberté)

New Specialised Institution

Georgia August 9, 2005

Public Defender

Ombuds Institution

Germany December 4, 2008

National Agency for the Prevention of Torture, comprising:

- Federal Agency for the Prevention of Torture (Bundesstelle zur Verhütung von Folter); and

- Joint Commission of the Länder (Länderkommission zur Verhütung von Folter)

New Specialised Institution

Greece February 11, 2014

Ombudsperson's Office

Ombuds Institution

Hungary January 12, 2012

Commissioner for Fundamental Rights

Ombuds Institution

Italy April 3, 2013

National Authority (Garante nazionale) for the rights of persons deprived of liberty

New Specialised Institution

Kazakhstan October 22, 2008

Commissioner for Human Rights, in cooperation with public monitoring commissions and civil society

Ombuds Plus Institution

Kyrgyzstan December 29, 2008

National Center for the Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

New Specialised Institution

Liechtenstein November 3, 2006

Corrections Commission (Vollzugskommission)

New Specialised Institution

Lithuania January 20, 2014

Parliamentary Ombudsperson's Office (Seimas Ombudsmen's Office)

Ombuds Institution

Luxembourg May 19, 2010

Ombudsperson's Office (Médiateure du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg)

Ombuds Institution

Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of February 13, 2009

Ombudsperson's Office

Ombuds Institution

Malta September 24, 2003

Two Boards:

- Board of Visitors for Detained Persons

- Board of Visitors of the Prisons

Multiple Institutions

Moldova July 24, 2006

Council for the Prevention of Torture, composed of 7 members, including the Ombudsperson (Moldovan Centre for Human Rights), the Ombudsperson for children and 5 members proposed by the civil society.

Ombuds Plus Institution

Montenegro March 6, 2009

Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms

Ombuds Institution

Netherlands September 28, 2010

4 bodies are designated as the NPM: the Inspectorate of Security and Justice (IVenJ), which also acts as coordinating body; the Health Care Inspectorate (IGZ); the Inspectorate for Youth Care (IJZ); and the Council for the Administration of Criminal Justice and Protection of Juveniles (RSJ).

Multiple Institutions

Norway June 27, 2013

Parliamentary Ombudsman

Ombuds Institution

Poland September 14, 2005

Commissioner for Human Rights

Ombuds Institution

Portugal January 15, 2013

Ombudsperson's Office (Provedor de Justiça)

Ombuds Institution

Romania July 2, 2009

The People's Advocate

Ombuds Institution

Serbia September 26, 2006

Protector of Citizens, in cooperation with the ombudsperson's offices from the autonomous provinces and human rights associations

Ombuds Plus Institution

Slovenia January 23, 2007

Human Rights Ombudsman, in collaboration with NGOs (Slovenian Red Cross, Legal Information Center for NGOs, Primus Institute, Slovenian Federation of Pensioners' Organisations and Novi paradoks)

Ombuds Plus Institution

Spain April 4, 2006

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Ombuds Institution

Sweden September 14, 2005

Parliamentary Ombudsmen (Riksdagens Ombudsmän)

Ombuds Institution

Switzerland September 24, 2009

National Commission for the Prevention of Torture (Commission nationale pour la prévention de la torture)

New Specialised Institution

Turkey September 27, 2011

National Human Rights Institution

National Human Rights Commission

Ukraine September 19, 2006

Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights in collaboration with an Expert Council, human rights NGOs and individual monitors (website of public monitors).

Ombuds Plus Institution

United Kingdom December 10, 2003

21 bodies were designated as part of the UK NPM, coordinated by Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Prisons - Click for a complete list

Multiple Institutions

Middle East & North Africa

Country Ratification Date NPM Options NPM Type
Mauritania October 3, 2012

National Preventive Mechanism

New Specialised Institution

Tunisia June 29, 2011

National Authority for the Prevention of Torture

 

New Specialised Institution